Super Soybeans and King Corn

Soybeans and corn are Minnesota’s leading cash crops. These are the top crops that feed our cattle, hogs, and poultry. They have many different uses.

soybeans and corn

1. Planting and Harvesting

Soybeans and corn are planted in April and May. During the summer:

  • Soybeans produce pods (beans)
  • Corn grows tassels and silks, producing ears with kernels

During the summer months, farmers are closely monitoring their crops, watching for any bugs or weeds. Both crops are harvested in the fall.

John Deere Tractor Combine
Harvesting Soybeans
John Deere Combining Corn
Harvesting Corn

2. Storing and Transporting

After soybeans and corn are harvested in the fall they are stored in grain bins on the farm or at local elevators. Soybeans and corn are hauled away from the farm by grain trucks or tractor wagons.

Grain Bins
Farm Elevator
Storage Bins
Farming Harvest Equipment
Grain Truck

3. Processing

Processing is changing raw materials, like corn and soybeans, into things we can eat and use. How crops are processed depends on how they will be used.

Closeup of Soybean Flakes

Soybean Flakes

  • Soybeans are processed for oil, livestock feed, and biodiesel (biofuel).
  • Some farmers will have their soybeans ground into soybean meal before it is fed to pigs, cattle and poultry.
  • Soybeans may be cleaned, dried, and cracked. The cracked soybeans are heated and rolled into flakes. Oil can be removed from the flakes.
Closeup of Corn Grinds

Ground Corn

  • Corn is processed for livestock feed, human food, and ethanol (biofuel).
  • Some farmers feed the corn they harvest to their livestock.
  • Corn may be soaked, softened, ground, or flaked before it is further processed into different products.

4. Using

Once the corn and soybeans have been made into products, we can buy and use them.

Farm Animal Food
Bio Fuel Pump
Cooking Oil at Store
Soybean Oil
Scroll to Top