Why Do We Need Fruits and Vegetables?

Fruits and vegetables are some of the best sources of the nutrients we need to grow and thrive. No one food or food group gives us all the nutrition we need. Eating a wide variety of foods, especially vegetables and fruits, helps us be healthier.

Here are just a few sources of these needed nutrients:


Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

What it does: Produces energy in the body

What to eat: Mushrooms, broccoli, asparagus, spinach


Vitamin C

What it does: Helps our body make skin and blood vessels; maintains bones and teeth

What to eat: Cantaloupe, strawberries, broccoli, green and red peppers, leafy greens, tomatoes



What it does: Builds strong bones and teeth

What to eat: Dairy products, as well as vegetables like broccoli, greens, and bok choy



What it does: Helps build muscles, bones, cartilage, skin, and blood; builds and repairs tissues

What to eat: Peas and beans, spinach, kale, brussels sprouts, mushrooms, broccoli


What is it?

  • Answer
  • Wheat! More wheat is planted in the world than any other crop. Wheat kernels are ground into flour that is used to make bread, pasta, cereal, tortillas, cakes, cookies, crackers, and more!



Fun Fact: Minnesota ranks 4th nationally in dry edible bean production. Dry edible beans include pinto, navy, Great Northern, kidney, and black beans.


What's orange and sounds like a parrot?

  • Answer
  • A carrot!